I. INFRASTRUCTURE, FACILITIES AND UTILITIES
Ormoc is referred to as the “Gateway to Cebu and other central islands” in the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2011-2016. Its seaport is the jump-off point to Cebu with an established sea route for fast crafts, boats and ROROs. The road and bridge network provides a strong linkage to the neighboring municipalities, its various barangays, and the city center.
The descriptor for the Infrastructure sector is efficient. This has been translated to the various programs identified during the workshop which will ensure to provide and establish Ormoc as the gateway in Eastern Visayas.
A. Transportation/Road Network
Ormoc is strategically located in Eastern Visayas. It links Leyte with Cebu via a strong service of fast crafts and boats. It links eastern and southern Leyte with a good network of national and provincial roads.
1. Land Transportation
1.1 Road Network System
The City of Ormoc is the largest city in the province of Leyte in terms of land area. The city’s road network has a total length of 523.91 kilometers of which they are classified into 3 categories: the national road which is 202.19 km. (38.59%), the city road is 62.58 km (11.95 %) and the barangay road is 259.14 km (49.46 %). The majority of the roads are still in good condition and passable by vehicles.
Ormoc has a total of thirty-five (35) existing bridges within the municipality. Twenty-four (24) of these bridges are maintained by the DPWH as national bridges and the remaining nine (9) are maintained by the city and two (2) are barangay bridges. After typhoon Yolanda, some of the bridges were damaged and needed immediate repairs to be operational again. All of these bridges must have a comprehensive assessment to identify their actual conditions and to distinguish which of these bridges need major rehabilitation or reconstruction.
1.3 Transport Services
Given the location of Ormoc and its role as a major gateway, the city is serviced by buses, public utility jeepneys (PUJs), V-Hires (van for hire/UV Express), tricycles, and habal-habal (motorcycles for hire) although the latter is not regulated by the Land Transport Regulatory Board (LTFRB).
2. Sea Transportation
The sea port of Ormoc plays an important role in the movement of goods and people between the islands. The port area, administered by the national government through the Philippine Port Authorities (PPA) is considered as one of the major port facilities in the province of Leyte. The municipal port is 65 nautical miles from Cebu, and maintains a strong shipping relationship moving goods and people between the islands. The port has a berthing space of 2,670.50 square meters with depth ranging from 4.0 meter to 5.0 meter alongside. It is mainly built with reinforced concrete type of pier which generally serves to utilize domestic cargoes and passengers. Fast crafts, roll-on roll off (ROROs) vessels and regular boats ply the island as often as four times every day. It has a total annual volume of 1,049,509 for both embarked and disembarked passengers mostly from Cebu and other parts of the nearby region. The port also provides shipping linkages from Manila and other provinces.
3. Air Transportation
The Ormoc Airport is one of the three (3) secondary airports in the region. It was recently upgraded to Principal Class II. Although Ormoc has an airport, it is not open to commercial flights but remains instrumental in the rescue/relief and media operations during emergencies and disasters. It is currently utilized by flight schools mostly based in Cebu.
B. Power, Water, Communication Network
1. Power Supply and Services
The main source of the electricity requirements in the city is the Leyte Geothermal Production Field (LGPF). The power plant is formerly owned by the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) now managed by the Energy development Corporation (EDC). The LGPF is considered the second largest wet steam-producing field in the world. The Leyte geothermal plants supply power not only in the Eastern Visayas, but also to Central and Western Visayas and part of Luzon via submarine cables.
The production field has a total capacity of 2,000 Megawatts (MW) of which 20 Mega Volt Ampere (MVA) are intended for substations in Ormoc City. All of the 110 barangays have access to electricity. The power is fed to the Leyte V Electric Cooperative (LEYECO V) which distributes electricity to the different parts of the city. It serves a total number of 31,482 customers with an average cost of electricity per Kilowatt Hour (KWH) of 8.1639 pesos for residential, 7.3747 pesos for industrial and 7.4394 for commercial consumers. Aside from the geothermal power field, the city also has Solar Power Farm which can generate power with a total capacity of 30 Megawatts (MW).
2. Water Supply
The major source of water supply in Ormoc City is a Level III system managed and operated by Ormoc Waterworks and Sewerage System (ORWASA). The source of water comes from Ahag River and water seepage from the bottom of Lake Danao. The water from the sources has undergone various processes making it very safe for consumption. These processes include gas chlorination, sedimentation and then will flow to another treatment tank for filtration. It has a total capacity of 22,000 cubic meters/day with a minimum discharge of 135 liters/second that provide water service to 17,439 households and establishments in 100 different barangays.
The City Waterworks also has seventeen (17) production wells supplying water to about 4,000 water concessionaires, with a combined total production of 8,000 cubic meters/day. These production wells are said to have been in operation for about ten (10) years. In addition to these production wells, the municipality of Ormoc has abundant natural springs. The said natural springs can produce a total capacity of about 6,500 cubic meters/day that serve several barangays of the city. All of these production wells and natural springs account for almost 30% of the total water supply of the Local Waterworks. Households with access to safe water for consumption in Level I and Level II water system are 5,419 and 9,291 respectively.
C. Communication and Information Technology
Telecommunication services in the city are mainly provided by Ormoc Telephone Company (ORTELCO) and PLDT-NDD. The companies offered local as well as long distance and international calls. The people in the city can also avail of their internet services. They have a total of 800 commercial subscribers and 1,614 residential subscribers. The local telecommunication industry has rapidly grown as a result of the entry of the biggest telecommunication companies led by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Cyber-cafes are expanding in different parts of the city to provide internet access for the people.
2. Radio Stations
There are three major radio stations operating within the vicinity of Ormoc City. The Ormoc Broadcasting Company manages DYRR-AM Radio located at Brgy. Bantigue. It operates on five (5) kilowatts (KW) with a frequency of 792 kilohertz (KHz). There are daily news, bulletins and public affairs programs aired by the DYRR-Am Radio station. DYXC HOT FM operated by Pacific Broadcasting System Inc. and DYAJ Power FM airs musical program daily in one kilowatt (KW) with frequency of 107.1 kilohertz (KHz) and 90.3 kilohertz (KHz).
3. Television Stations
Domestic and International Programs are beamed to the people of Ormoc City through Visayan CATV Network, Incorporated. It is the only cable network operator in the city that provides latest news, entertainment and relevant information to the community.
4. Print Media
There are only three publishers of local newspapers situated in Ormoc City namely: West Leyte Weekly-Express, EV-Mail and Leyteño Peryodiko. These companies are circulating newspapers on a weekly basis for the people of Ormoc City.
D. Drainage and Sewerage Facilities and Services
Flooding is experienced along Ormoc Bay in the barangays of Linao, Punta, Alegria, Batuan, Can-adieng, Camp Downes, Bantigue, Ipil, San Antonio, and Danhug. The barangays near the rivers of Anilao and Malbasag which include Isla Verde, Don Felipe Larrazabal, District 29, Cogon, and Can-adieng, all experience flooding.
Most of these barangays existing drainages are barely adequate to drain surface runoff for rainwater. With the proposed intensification and expansion of most of them such as Barangay Ipil as an industrial area, storm and drainage lines require upgrading to accommodate the increased volume of sewage. As most barangays practice primary sewer treatment using septic tanks, this would be inappropriate for areas with heavy industrial activities. The latter requires secondary and tertiary treatment for industrial effluent.
E. Solid Waste Management
Ormoc is maintaining a 32-hectare sanitary landfill and Eco-waste Center in Barangay Greenfield. Presently isolated from densely built-up settlements, the facility handles the large volumes of garbage of the city, including waste from hospitals. The PHP 56 million waste facility that uses a plastic liner was developed by the city government through the assistance of the German Development Corporation (GDZ).
The current Solid Waste Management Plan needs updating by year 2016, to include the composition of the Solid Waste Board and additional equipment for the Eco waste Center such as pay loader, bulldozer, sprinkler, and compactor.
II. SOCIAL SERVICES FACILITIES/UTILITIES/AMENITIES
The social services facilities/utilities/amenities include those under the educational, health, social welfare, protective, as well as sports and recreation sub-sector of the social sector.
A. Educational Institutions
There are 182 public educational institutions to include pre-school, elementary, college and vocational. On the other hand, 52 educational institutions are classified as private.
B. Health Facilities
There were more public than private health facilities recorded at 220 and 21, respectively. Existing in large number are barangay health center, barangay health station, and health center.
C. Day Care Centers
As of 2013, there were 97 day care centers in five (5) districts of the city. District 3 has the most number of day care centers equal to 25. The rest of the districts have day care centers ranging from 16 to 19.
D. Protective Services
In 2015, most of the protective services facilities and equipment are in good condition, except for the district jail and fire protection headquarters which require improvement. The police-population ratio was closely within the minimum standard of one (1) police for every 1,000 population. However, the number of firemen should be increased since the current ratio of 1:3,000 exceeded the minimum standard of 1 fireman: 1,000 population.
E. Sports and Recreation
The people of Ormoc City enjoy a variety of socio-cultural and sports facilities. There are about 124 local government-owned and 28 privately-owned cultural and sports facilities, respectively. The sports and recreational facilities include the socio-cultural center, indoor stadium, covered basketball court, shooting range, tennis court, sports complex and grandstand, volleyball court, badminton court, golf course, swimming pool, billiard hall, cockpit, and racetrack.
III. AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-INDUSTRY FACILITIES
A. Post-Harvest Facilities
Generally, the city provides agricultural facilities to improve crop production in many barangays. Among the post-harvest facilities provided include abattoir, processing plant, diversion dam, multi-purpose drying pavement, warehouse, mechanical dryer, flatbed dryer, abaca stripping machine, agricultural tramline, trading center, bagsakan center, fish landing port, and the NIA-BAO-RIS.
B. Agricultural Tramline
The handling and movement of high value products is facilitated by the provision of agricultural tramline through the DA PhilMECH in coordination with DA-RFU 8. The agricultural tramline in Sitio Catmonay, Barangay Cabintan has a capacity of 500 kg. The Sitio Catmonay Vegetable Farmers Association (SICAVFA) operates the hauling and transportation system.